簽證倒退

Cut off日期(簽證公告上的日期)通常會向前,但卻不是一定的。不同priority date(提交申請的日期)申請綠卡的報名人數是每個月都不定的,而這個人數會直接影響到cut off日期.cut off日期會因為這樣而進展得慢,有時會停止,有時更會後退。發生簽證後退的原因是申請人數超過美國移民局每個月可以簽發的數量。簽證後退通常會發生在8,9月份,因為這時候是移民局的財政年底。從每年的10月開始後,移民局又有新的一批申請綠卡的名額,通常排期又會進退到正常速度,但這也是不一定的。


移民局如何處理簽證後退

如果申請人的priority date在cut off date之後,那麼他的案子會暫時的停滯直到申請名額有重新頒發為止。如果您Form I-485不需要在當地移民局面試,那您的案子將會在美國移民局處處理。


如果您已經在美國移民局處面試了,而綠卡卻不足的話。那麼美國移民局將會保留您的案子直到綠卡名額又充足時。


直到進一步的面試或其他步驟,職業類型的簽證後退是由TSC保留。

直到進一步的面試或其他步驟,家庭贊助的簽證後退是由NBC保留。


當綠卡面額又充足的時候,美國移民局將會做最後的裁定。如果移民局需要其他的信息,相關人員會要求其他資料或面試。所以,您應該向移民局保留您現住的地址。

Visa Retrogression

The cut-off date in the Visa Bulletin will usually move forward unless a visa retrogression takes place. The number of requests by applicants with different priority dates for visa vary each month, and that will change the cut-off date. The variation renders the cut-off date to slow down, stop, or even go back(retrogress). Visa retrogression happens when there are not enough visa available for the participants for a particular type. It usually occurs near the end of the fiscal year as the visa tend to run out by then. The USCIS will have new supply of visas in October, and that usually will return the cut-off date back to normal, but not necessarily.


How USCIS deals with Visa Retrogression

If the applicant's priority date is after the cut-off date, the case will be discontinued until additional visas become available. If the ruling of your Form I-485 requires no interview at a local USCIS office, then your case will be instead processed at the USCIS Service Center where you initially submitted your application.


USCIS may temporarily hold your case in the following office until visa becomes available, if you have already interviewed with a USCIS office.


Employment-based visa retrogressed cases are temporarily held by the TSC(Texas Service Center).

Family-sponsored visa retrogressed cases are temporarily held by NBC(National Benefits Center).


USCIS will finalize the visa retrogressed cases until visa becomes available. USCIS will send out notification if it needs further supporting material and information and/or interview, Therefore, it is crucial to keep the updated local address with USCIS in order to receive any timely notice.

For more information, please visit

http://www.uscis.gov/green-card/green-card-processes-and-procedures/visa-availability-priority-dates/visa-retrogression